The stand of a cheese maker at the Salon de l’Agriculture, Paris, February 24, 2018
Direct sales, better traceability, less greedy production of energy or pesticides: visitors to the show, producers or consumers, are convinced that French agriculture is at a turning point, even if its new face is still a little vague.
“This is a beautiful job that should reinvent itself,” said Valerie Ginet, a teacher in Paris, with stroller and child, who surveys the Salon de l’Agriculture during his last hours, Porte de Versailles in Paris.
For this, she believes that Europe “does not protect enough” agriculture “threatened by foreign competition”: “People want more local agriculture, more reasoned, not to make huge productions”, in short an agricultural production that is “human-sized”.
Europe, Marie-Ange Duchier, breeder of Charolais cows in the Creuse, no longer wishes to depend on it: “Subsidies, we would not want more, we would like to live our trade,” she says.
It is waiting for clarifications from the government on the model of production encouraged, while the recovery plans for agriculture in crisis, from the States General of Food, have not all been unveiled.
“What we must remember is that meat is not more expensive since the 1980s, while our charges have increased in proportions not possible,” she laments, looking at Lancia , a beautiful cow in the beige dress, peacefully installed in the straw and who does not cure of its admirers of a day.
For Marie-Ange, especially, the agriculture of tomorrow will have simplified standards: “There are too many standards that telescoping, European standards, French standards, because we always want to wash whiter than white”, enrage-t she feared all the more the arrival on the continent of the meat of the Mercosur countries (Common Market in South America), in case the negotiations on the draft free trade agreement between the southern countries would end Americans and the EU.
One more reason for her, to clarify the labeling of the products and “to stamp French what is French, because some productions today, they return to France and from the moment they are returned, they are stamped French “.
– Diversified income –
At the Paris Agricultural Show, March 1, 2018
A high school student in the Limousin, Nicolas is convinced that to make a living tomorrow’s peasant will sell directly to consumers “to avoid going through supermarkets”: “When we see that a cow meat such as ours is paid four euros per kilo and will be sold, for example for a steak 22 euros per kilo, we wonder! We hope that it will change, but it will take a lot of time.
The agriculture of tomorrow “it is the farmers who fix their price and their market, and who choose their large surface”, wants to believe his comrade Romain.
“Compared to current agriculture, it will be to sell less to supermarkets, sell more locally, there is that,” adds Jeremiah Coste, father of Paris, with wife and children.
“Today, people consume cheaper foreign products, because their incomes are lower,” he says, seeing the internet as a good way to “limit intermediaries” and limit production costs in France .
To diversify its sources of income and perhaps be able to sell less expensive, the production of energy seems a good track for Alexandre Bachotet, a grain farmer who cultivates 400 hectares in Côte-d’Or.
In order to “find a balance” in terms of profitability, “tomorrow, we can start the methanisation”, he believes, to value not only the waste produced by animals, but also the straw, and produce gas that will heat communities.
“There will be new crops, decreases in phyto products, biostimulants, algae,” he believes, convinced that “agriculture has a future.”
Just like this anonymous, who wrote with chalk on a blackboard open to the public: “No landscapes without farmers, think about it”.