Photo taken shortly before sunset, May 25, 2018 in the
Deadly clashes and weeks of protests in Gaza have put the
Palestinian issue at the top of the international agenda. It is
difficult to know if the effect will be lasting, as all the
ingredients of a new confrontation with Israel are brought
A month and a half of mobilization against the Israeli
blockade and for the right of the Palestinians to return on the
lands that they fled or of which they were driven to the
creation of Israel in 1948 ended theoretically Tuesday. Since
March 30, 116 Palestinians, including several minors, have been
killed, almost all by Israeli fire.
The claim of the “right to return” was doubled Monday of the
protest against the opening of the US embassy in Jerusalem.
The inauguration of the diplomatic mission, presented by the
Trump administration as a success, and the images of the
daughter of the American president all smiles in front of the
plate of the embassy found themselves juxtaposed, in a striking
contrast live on the screens television, with those of
Palestinians evacuating their dead in smoke and confusion.
The Israeli army says these more than six weeks of unrest
served as a cover for the Islamist Hamas movement, which
governs the enclave, in an attempt to attack Israel. She only
defended the border, her soldiers and Israeli civilians, she
– The choice of Israel –
Living conditions in the Gaza Strip
On Tuesday, only a few sporadic clashes between Israeli
soldiers and Gazan protesters. Thursday morning, the territory
should fall into the torpor of Ramadan.
Near the fence that separates him from Israel, 26-year-old
Mutassim Hajjaj has videos showing him trying to cross the
fence on Monday. He tastes the satisfaction of having at a
distance troubled the American holiday.
“This is a victory for us, the Palestinian people, it has
reflected the right to return,” he said.
Beyond the international repercussions, the diplomatic
repercussions were limited in different capitals to the
convocation of Israeli diplomats, expressions of reprobation
and calls for restraint. The already difficult relations with
Turkey have again deteriorated sharply.
But Israel was able to count on the unwavering support of
the United States, which vetoed a Security Council resolution
calling for an investigation.
Prof. Mukhaimer Abu Saada, a professor of political science
at Al-Azhar University in Gaza, said Hamas hoped the situation
would prompt Israel to relax the blockade imposed on the
territory for more than a decade, and Egypt to open its border
more often. , permanently closed except for a few dozen days a
“Under international pressure, Israel will be forced to find
a solution to the humanitarian situation that continues to
deteriorate in Gaza,” says the academic.
A scenario that Israel, led by the rightmost government in
its history, will try to avoid at all costs, analysis Mark
Heller, research master of the Institute for Studies on
National Security at the university from Tel Aviv.
– “White flag” –
Palestinian demonstrator shoots fire tire during border
hrs with Israeli army on May 11, 2018 in Gaza Strip
“The Israeli government, in spite of voices rising to
advocate a reduction of the blockade, will do nothing, because
it considers that Hamas can not be a partner for peace,” he
Since 2008, Israel has delivered to Hamas three wars that
have inflicted heavy destruction on Gaza, while having a
limited impact on the Jewish state.
In recent weeks, Hamas has adopted a less bellicose tone,
claiming to encourage demonstrations it says peaceful, despite
the throwing of missiles on Israeli soldiers and attempts to
force the security fence. Israel is firmly in the wrong.
Members of the Palestinian armed groups did not open the
Officially, protests were due to end on Tuesday, but Hamas
leaders said they would continue in other ways.
“Maybe we will see some easing of the blockade, but for
families who have lost their sons, it will be a big
disappointment,” said Reham Owda, a political analyst in
Experts say that Hamas, weakened by the last conflict of
2014 and isolated, is not looking for a new war with Israel,
aware of the devastating impact it would have on experienced
Gaza’s 2 million people are already struggling with poverty,
unemployment, shortages and confinement.
But Hamas “can not wave the white flag either,” says Mark
Heller. “There will be new confrontations sooner or later, it’s
For weeks, Israeli drones dropped tear gas on the crowd,
without the Palestinians responding.
“Victory!” Cried one of them.