Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on February 26, 2018 at Hotel Matignon, Paris
How to bring about institutional reform, including the decline in the number of parliamentarians? Edouard Philippe begins a series of meetings with parliamentary groups on Tuesday before handing over his copy, a referendum being a possible scenario.
Over a period of ten days, the bosses of the groups, but also the presidents of the Assembly and the Senate will parade at the Prime Minister, who has made a specialty consultations.
The head of government will “present the sites” of the reform, that the executive wishes to present in the Council of Ministers at best mid-April after passage in Council of State. “The architecture is seemingly detailed.The political debate opens,” according to a guest.
Reduction of a quarter to a third of the number of parliamentarians, no more than three identical mandates in time (excluding municipalities with less than 3,500 inhabitants), 10 to 25% of proportional to the legislative are projected, according to sources in the majority .
“The President of the Republic is fully determined to lead this modernization” and “to remove blockages” so that “conservatisms do not affect,” says his entourage. Message mainly for the Senate.
In addition to Corsica, the fight against climate change or the national universal service should be added.
Following the LREM leaders of the Assembly and Senate Richard Ferrand and Francois Patriat on Monday night, Marc Fesneau, chairman of the MoDem deputies attached to a dose of proportional or territorial differentiation, will be on the first Tuesday morning.
Then come the communists Éliane Assassi (Senate) and André Chassaigne (Assembly), decided in particular to “denounce the instrumentalization by the power of antiparlementarism”. At the end of the afternoon, Jean-Christophe Lagarde and Franck Riester, co-presidents of the UDI-Agir-Indépendants deputies.
Claude Malhuret (Independents in the Senate), Jean-Claude Requier (RDSE Senate), Socialists Patrick Kanner (Senate) and Olivier Faure (Assembly), Jean-Luc Mélenchon as patron of the Insoumis MPs will follow in the week.
Edouard Philippe is expected Wednesday before LREM deputies, determined to “reform parliamentary work, better evaluate,” hammer a spokeswoman, Olivia Gregory.
– ‘To handle with care’ –
LR Christian Jacob and Bruno Retailleau will be coming to Matignon the following week. In line with party boss Laurent Wauquiez, they do not want to make “gift” of a constitutional reform to Emmanuel Macron.
And former President Nicolas Sarkozy will make his voice heard in the Senate Tuesday, for a review of its 2008 revision.
Highlight on March 14 in Matignon: François de Rugy (LREM) and Gerard Larcher (LR), who delivered each their desiderata in January.
The head of the Senate, who “has no feedback on his proposals,” has “always said he did not want to block the reform, but he is vigilant with safeguards”, including the limitation of mandates, according to his entourage.
“I do not see more clearly in his game,” slip a tenor of the majority, a heavyweight right thinking Gerard Larcher in “negotiation with the President of the Republic.”
The “privileged” way to adopt the constitutional aspect remains the Parliament, via Article 89, ie the adoption of an identical text by the two assemblies then a majority of 3/5 of the votes cast by the Parliament in Congress.
“The referendum is not relevant” but “conceivable”, they say at the Elysee. “Handle with care”, but “if there is a referendum, you shoot them in the Senate” for a majority elected.
“If Emmanuel Macron goes to the end if he wants to, the referendum is not a threat,” challenges a tenor LR, persuaded that these talks will be useless because “he alone decides”.
The reform will be broken down into several bills, at different levels. At the constitutional level: abolition of the Court of Justice of the Republic, reform of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary, end of the former Presidents of the Republic to the Constitutional Council, greater freedom of administration to the collectivities, “efficiency” of the legislative work with a limitation of amendments.
Non-cumulation in time, reduction of the number of parliamentarians, proportional, “the subjects who angry will be returned” to an organic law and ordinary laws to pass more easily, prognosticates a figure of the Assembly.
The goal is no more than a reading in every room in the summer, while Emmanuel Macron initially wanted to “complete” the reform by this deadline. According to a source LREM, “the Corsican question has lost a month.”
parl-map-reb / ic / matt / bd